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The Different Kinds Of Superchargers And Their Benefits #blogpost

The Different Kinds Of Superchargers And Their Benefits #blogpost - Blog

I feel like not that many people know too much about superchargers compared to turbochargers, so I thought I would make a post about them to educate the masses. Here we go...

Centrifugal Supercharger

The short story is that a centrifugal supercharger is for simplification purposes a turbocharger that is belt driven by the engine’s crankshaft. They are the most common in modified cars, there are very few street cars that came with a centrifugal supercharger from the factory.

“The centrifugal supercharger contains an impeller which spins at high speed to draw air into a small compressor housing (volute). When air leaves the impeller, it is traveling at high speed while having a low pressure. This low-pressure, high-speed air is sent through a diffuser which converts the airflow so that it is high-pressure, and low-speed.”

Pros
Centrifugal supercharger systems can easily be run with an intercooler compared with twin screw and Roots superchargers where using an intercooler can be more difficult.

They have a very linear power delivery, boost pressure builds as RPM’s increase.

More top end horsepower than Roots and twin screw superchargers

Cons
Torque at low RPM’s isn’t as good as Roots or twin screw blowers

Most complicated supercharger system

If you’re skipping fuel injection, you’ll need to use a blow through carburetor.

The Different Kinds Of Superchargers And Their Benefits #blogpost - Blog

Twin Screw Supercharger

Twin screws actually compress the air that moves through it while a Roots blower does not.

Pros
Lots of low end torque
Ease of installation
Less heat soak than Roots blowers
More efficient than Roots blowers

Cons
Not as much peak horsepower as a centrifugal set up
More expensive than Roots blowers

The Different Kinds Of Superchargers And Their Benefits #blogpost - Blog
The Different Kinds Of Superchargers And Their Benefits #blogpost - Blog

Roots Supercharger

The Roots style supercharger has been around for a very long time, it was first used as an air pump for mine ventilation. From that point, the Roots blower was used as an induction system for old 2 stroke Detroit Diesels. If someone says they have an 8-71 Roots blower on their motor, that means that the Roots blower was originally designed to work with an 8-71 model Detroit diesel. Here are what those numbers mean. The 8 refers to the number of cylinders and 71 is the series of engine used, so if you have a 6-71 blower then it came off of a 6 cylinder Detroit Diesel that’s a 71 series engine. Enough of that, onto the tech stuff…

Pros
Lots of low end torque
Ease of installation
Cheaper than twin screw superchargers
More old school look

Cons
Not as much peak horsepower as a centrifugal set up
More prone to heat soak than twin screw superchargers
Less efficient than twin screw superchargers

The Different Kinds Of Superchargers And Their Benefits #blogpost - Blog
The Different Kinds Of Superchargers And Their Benefits #blogpost - Blog